Linux asterisk 第4回

この記事は2015年3月31日に書かれたものです。内容が古い可能性がありますのでご注意ください。


asteriskインストールの確認

以下のコマンドでモジュールがインストールされたディレクトリを調べる。

[root@asterisk local]# locate asterisk | grep -vE "/usr/src/"

以下にSIPモジュールがある事が確認できた

[root@asterisk local]# ls /usr/lib64/asterisk/modules/chan_sip.so
/usr/lib64/asterisk/modules/chan_sip.so

以下のコマンドで asteriskを起動してみる。
以下のようにして起動すると、asteriskを起動してコンソール接続をする

[root@asterisk local]# asterisk -U asterisk -G asterisk
[root@asterisk local]# asterisk -vvvvr
Asterisk 1.8.20.0, Copyright (C) 1999 - 2012 Digium, Inc. and others.
Created by Mark Spencer <markster@digium.com>
Asterisk comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; type 'core show warranty' for details.
This is free software, with components licensed under the GNU General Public
License version 2 and other licenses; you are welcome to redistribute it under
certain conditions. Type 'core show license' for details.
=========================================================================
Connected to Asterisk 1.8.20.0 currently running on asterisk (pid = 31027)
Verbosity was 0 and is now 4
asterisk*CLI>
asterisk*CLI>

以下のようにすると asteriskサーバの中で使用できるコマンドの一覧が表示できる

asterisk*CLI> help
                             ! Execute a shell command
                    ael reload Reload AEL configuration
ael set debug {read|tokens|mac Enable AEL debugging flags
                  agent logoff Sets an agent offline
                    agent show Show status of agents
             agent show online Show all online agents
                 agi dump html Dumps a list of AGI commands in HTML format
                      agi exec Add AGI command to a channel in Async AGI
        agi set debug [on|off] Enable/Disable AGI debugging
     agi show commands [topic] List AGI commands or specific help
                 aoc set debug enable cli debugging of AOC messages
                     cc cancel Kill a CC transaction
              cc report status Reports CC stats
               cdr show status Display the CDR status
               cel show status Display the CEL status
             channel originate Originate a call
              channel redirect Redirect a call
        channel request hangup Request a hangup on a given channel
         cli check permissions Try a permissions config for a user
        cli reload permissions Reload CLI permissions config
              cli show aliases Show CLI command aliases
          cli show permissions Show CLI permissions
                   config list Show all files that have loaded a configuration file
                 config reload Force a reload on modules using a particular configuration file
           core abort shutdown Cancel a running shutdown
            core clear profile Clear profiling info
       core ping taskprocessor Ping a named task processor
                   core reload Global reload
       core restart gracefully Restart Asterisk gracefully
              core restart now Restart Asterisk immediately
  core restart when convenient Restart Asterisk at empty call volume
        core set debug channel Enable/disable debugging on a channel
      core set {debug|verbose} Set level of debug/verbose chattiness
core show applications [like|d Shows registered dialplan applications
         core show application Describe a specific dialplan application
      core show calls [uptime] Display information on calls
core show channels [concise|ve Display information on channels
             core show channel Display information on a specific channel
        core show channeltypes List available channel types
         core show channeltype Give more details on that channel type
core show codecs [audio|video| Displays a list of codecs
               core show codec Shows a specific codec
     core show config mappings Display config mappings (file names to config engines)
        core show file formats Displays file formats
 core show file version [like] List versions of files used to build Asterisk
    core show functions [like] Shows registered dialplan functions
            core show function Describe a specific dialplan function
                core show help Display help list, or specific help on a command
               core show hints Show dialplan hints
                core show hint Show dialplan hint
       core show image formats Displays image formats
             core show license Show the license(s) for this copy of Asterisk
             core show profile Display profiling info
            core show settings Show some core settings
            core show switches Show alternative switches
             core show sysinfo Show System Information
      core show taskprocessors List instantiated task processors and statistics
             core show threads Show running threads
         core show translation Display translation matrix
    core show uptime [seconds] Show uptime information
             core show version Display version info
            core show warranty Show the warranty (if any) for this copy of Asterisk
          core stop gracefully Gracefully shut down Asterisk
                 core stop now Shut down Asterisk immediately
     core stop when convenient Shut down Asterisk at empty call volume
          core waitfullybooted Wait for Asterisk to be fully booted
                      data get Data API get
           data show providers Show data providers
                  database del Removes database key/value
              database deltree Removes database keytree/values
                  database get Gets database value
                  database put Adds/updates database value
                 database show Shows database contents
              database showkey Shows database contents
               devstate change Change a custom device state
                 devstate list List currently known custom device states
        dialplan add extension Add new extension into context
        dialplan add ignorepat Add new ignore pattern
          dialplan add include Include context in other context
                dialplan debug Show fast extension pattern matching data structures
               dialplan reload Reload extensions and *only* extensions
     dialplan remove extension Remove a specified extension
     dialplan remove ignorepat Remove ignore pattern from context
       dialplan remove include Remove a specified include from context
                 dialplan save Save current dialplan into a file
          dialplan set chanvar Set a channel variable
dialplan set extenpatternmatch Use the Old extension pattern matching algorithm.
dialplan set extenpatternmatch Use the New extension pattern matching algorithm.
           dialplan set global Set global dialplan variable
         dialplan show chanvar Show channel variables
         dialplan show globals Show global dialplan variables
                 dialplan show Show dialplan
                dnsmgr refresh Performs an immediate refresh
                 dnsmgr reload Reloads the DNS manager configuration
                 dnsmgr status Display the DNS manager status
           dundi flush [stats] Flush DUNDi cache
                  dundi lookup Lookup a number in DUNDi
                dundi precache Precache a number in DUNDi
                   dundi query Query a DUNDi EID
      dundi set debug {on|off} Enable/Disable DUNDi debugging
           dundi show entityid Display Global Entity ID
           dundi show mappings Show DUNDi mappings
dundi show peers [registered|i Show defined DUNDi peers
               dundi show peer Show info on a specific DUNDi peer
           dundi show precache Show DUNDi precache
           dundi show requests Show DUNDi requests
              dundi show trans Show active DUNDi transactions
  dundi store history {on|off} Enable/Disable DUNDi historic records
              event dump cache Dump the internal event cache (for debugging)
               features reload Reloads configured features
                 features show Lists configured features
                  file convert Convert audio file
           group show channels Display active channels with group(s)
                hangup request <no description available>
                          help <no description available>
              http show status Display HTTP server status
                iax2 provision Provision an IAX device
           iax2 prune realtime Prune a cached realtime lookup
                   iax2 reload Reload IAX configuration
  iax2 set debug {on|off|peer} Enable/Disable IAX debugging
    iax2 set debug jb {on|off} Enable/Disable IAX jitterbuffer debugging
 iax2 set debug trunk {on|off} Enable/Disable IAX trunk debugging
                  iax2 set mtu Set the IAX systemwide trunking MTU
               iax2 show cache Display IAX cached dialplan
    iax2 show callnumber usage Show current entries in IP call number limit table
            iax2 show channels List active IAX channels
            iax2 show firmware List available IAX firmware
            iax2 show netstats List active IAX channel netstats
                iax2 show peer Show details on specific IAX peer
               iax2 show peers List defined IAX peers
        iax2 show provisioning Display iax provisioning
            iax2 show registry Display IAX registration status
               iax2 show stats Display IAX statistics
             iax2 show threads Display IAX helper thread info
        iax2 show users [like] List defined IAX users
             iax2 test losspct Set IAX2 incoming frame loss percentage
               iax2 unregister Unregister (force expiration) an IAX2 peer from the registry
                indication add Add the given indication to the country
             indication remove Remove the given indication from the country
               indication show Display a list of all countries/indications
                     keys init Initialize RSA key passcodes
                     keys show Displays RSA key information
           local show channels List status of local channels
                   logger mute Toggle logging output to a console
                 logger reload Reopens the log files
                 logger rotate Rotates and reopens the log files
logger set level {DEBUG|NOTICE Enables/Disables a specific logging level for this console
          logger show channels List configured log channels
                manager reload Reload manager configurations
    manager set debug [on|off] Show, enable, disable debugging of the manager code
          manager show command Show a manager interface command
         manager show commands List manager interface commands
        manager show connected List connected manager interface users
           manager show eventq List manager interface queued events
         manager show settings Show manager global settings
            manager show users List configured manager users
             manager show user Display information on a specific manager user
       mixmonitor {start|stop} Execute a MixMonitor command
                   module load Load a module by name
                 module reload Reload configuration for a module
            module show [like] List modules and info
                 module unload Unload a module by name
                    moh reload Reload MusicOnHold
              moh show classes List MusicOnHold classes
                moh show files List MusicOnHold file-based classes
              no debug channel Disable debugging on channel(s)
                     originate <no description available>
              parkedcalls show List currently parked calls
         phoneprov show routes Show registered phoneprov http routes
        pri intense debug span <no description available>
              queue add member Add a channel to a specified queue
queue reload {parameters|membe Reload queues, members, queue rules, or parameters
           queue remove member Removes a channel from a specified queue
             queue reset stats Reset statistics for a queue
             queue set penalty Set penalty for a channel of a specified queue
                    queue show Show status of a specified queue
              queue show rules Show the rules defined in queuerules.conf
  queue {pause|unpause} member Pause or unpause a queue member
              realtime destroy Delete a row from a RealTime database
                 realtime load Used to print out RealTime variables.
                realtime store Store a new row into a RealTime database
               realtime update Used to update RealTime variables.
              realtime update2 Used to test the RealTime update2 method
                        reload <no description available>
    rtcp set debug {on|off|ip} Enable/Disable RTCP debugging
       rtcp set stats {on|off} Enable/Disable RTCP stats
     rtp set debug {on|off|ip} Enable/Disable RTP debugging
            say load [new|old] Set or show the say mode
                    sip notify Send a notify packet to a SIP peer
 sip prune realtime [peer|all] Prune cached Realtime users/peers
              sip qualify peer Send an OPTIONS packet to a peer
                    sip reload Reload SIP configuration
sip set debug {on|off|ip|peer} Enable/Disable SIP debugging
      sip set history {on|off} Enable/Disable SIP history
sip show {channels|subscriptio List active SIP channels or subscriptions
         sip show channelstats List statistics for active SIP channels
              sip show channel Show detailed SIP channel info
              sip show domains List our local SIP domains
              sip show history Show SIP dialog history
                sip show inuse List all inuse/limits
                  sip show mwi Show MWI subscriptions
              sip show objects List all SIP object allocations
                sip show peers List defined SIP peers
                 sip show peer Show details on specific SIP peer
             sip show registry List SIP registration status
                sip show sched Present a report on the status of the scheduler queue
             sip show settings Show SIP global settings
                  sip show tcp List TCP Connections
                sip show users List defined SIP users
                 sip show user Show details on specific SIP user
                sip unregister Unregister (force expiration) a SIP peer from the registry
       stun set debug {on|off} Enable/Disable STUN debugging
                   timing test Run a timing test
   udptl set debug {on|off|ip} Enable/Disable UDPTL debugging
                        ulimit Set or show process resource limits
asterisk*CLI>
asterisk*CLI>

SIPコマンドが存在する事を確認できた

asterisk*CLI> sip set debug on
SIP Debugging enabled
asterisk*CLI>

以下のファイルに端末を登録した。

# vi /etc/asterisk/sip.conf

[4444]
type=friend
defaultuser=4444
secret=test
canreinvite=no
host=dynamic

asteriskサーバのファイアーウォールを無効にした

[root@asterisk asterisk]# service iptables stop

この状態でSIPクライアント(X-Lite)でレジストをしてみたら登録に成功した。
なぜバイナリ版では chan_sip.so がインストールできたかはわからない。
もしかしたらソースでは /usr/lib/ 以下にモジュールがインストールされ、
バイナリでは /usr/lib64/ 以下にモジュールがインストールされたので
ソース版は 32bit OS用だったのかもしれない。
それでうまくインストールができなかったのかもしれない。
ソースからのインストールがうまくいった Xen 上の CentOS は 32bitOSだった。

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